Line organization is the simplest framework for the whole administrative organization. Line organization approaches the vertical flow of the relationship. In line organization, authority flows from the top to the bottom. It is also known as the chain of command or scalar principle. In this article, we will talk about a line organization.
Line organization structure is the oldest and simplest form of organization. In these organizations, a supervisor exercises direct supervision over a subordinate. Also, authority flows from the top-most person in the organization to the person in the lowest rung. This type of an organization is also called a military organization or a scalar-type organization.
Advantages of a Line Organization
Simple to work
Economical and effective. It also allows quick decisions and efficient coordination.
Conforms to the scalar principle of organization. Further, it promotes the unity of command.
In a line organization, the responsibility for the performance of tasks is fixed upon definite individuals. Therefore, there is accountability of delegated tasks.
There is excellent discipline in a line organization due to unified control and undivided loyalties.
The overall cost of running the organization is low due to the non-involvement of staff personnel.
It is a stable form of organization.