What are the raw materials for photosynthesis: Green plants create nutrition from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of sunshine, which is a process called photosynthesis. It involves the green pigment chlorophyll, which produces oxygen as a by-product as a result of the process.
The following are the raw ingredients required for photosynthesis:
Carbon dioxide – Carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere by gaseous exchange carried out by stomata.
Water — roots take water from the soil, which can be supplied by irrigation or even rain.
Sunlight – Solar energy is captured by chlorophyll, a green pigment found in green plants that acts as a solar energy absorber.
Factors Influencing the Process of Photosynthesis
Light Intensity: Increased light intensity results in a higher rate of photosynthesis than when light intensity is decreased. The rate of photosynthesis, on the other hand, is reduced when the amount of light available is inadequate.
The concentration of CO2: Photosynthesis is aided by a high concentration of carbon dioxide, which serves to accelerate the rate of photosynthesis in plants. Carbon dioxide concentrations in the range of 300 – 400 parts per million (PPM) are usually sufficient for photosynthesis.
Temperature: For efficient photosynthesis to occur, it is necessary to maintain temperatures between 25° and 35 degrees Celsius. Temperature:
Water: Because water is a critical component of photosynthesis, a lack of it might result in issues with the absorption of carbon dioxide. When there is a scarcity of water, stomatal openings close, preventing the plant from retaining the amount of water it has stored inside.
Pollution: On the surface of the leaf, contaminants such as industrial pollution and other particulates may have settled. This can cause the pores of stomata to get clogged, making it difficult for the plant to absorb carbon dioxide.