Nitrogen electron configuration with full orbital diagram

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Nitrogen electron configuration

What is nitrogen’s electron configuration?

Nitrogen electron configuration: The arrangement of an element’s electrons in its atomic orbitals is known as its electronic configuration. Nitrogen has an atomic number of 7 and an electronic configuration of 1s22s22p3.

The 1s orbital will get the first two electrons. Because the 1s orbital can only hold two electrons, N’s next two electrons are placed in the 2s orbital. The three remaining electrons will be placed in the 2p orbital. As a result, the electron configuration of the N atom will be 1s22s22p3.

Nitrogen has an electrical configuration of 2, 5. In the synthesis of a nitrogen molecule, how many electrons in the outer shell of the nitrogen atom are not involved?

Hint: Each nitrogen atom lacks three electrons to complete its octet during the synthesis of the nitrogen molecule. As a result, each atom will share three electrons to create the link, with the remaining electrons remaining unaffected.

The following is a complete step-by-step solution: The electronic configuration of nitrogen is N1s22s22p3 or [He]2s22p3 and it belongs to group 15 of the periodic table.

We can observe that the inner 1s – orbital is fully filled, indicating that bonding will not occur. Nitrogen’s outermost orbital has a total of 5 electrons (2s22p3). To complete its octet, nitrogen needs three additional electrons.
When two nitrogen atoms get close together, they share three electrons equally and form a triple covalent connection to complete their octet.

As a result, we can observe that only three valence electrons are engaged in bonding during the creation of a nitrogen molecule, out of a total of five. As a result, each nitrogen atom retains its remaining two electrons.
As a result, the synthesis of a nitrogen molecule does not require two electrons in the outer shell of each nitrogen atom.

Note: that the nitrogen shares its three valence electrons with another nitrogen atom to form a covalent connection. Due to the presence of a stable half-filled p-orbital in its valence shell, it cannot accept or donate electrons completely to establish an ionic connection.

Nitrogen (N) electron configuration with full orbital diagram

Nitrogen (N) is the seventh element in the periodic table and the first of group-15 elements. Nitrogen has an atomic number of 7 and the symbol ‘N’. Nitrogen has a standard atomic mass of 14.006. Nitrogen has a period of two and is a p-block element. This article focuses on the electron configuration of nitrogen(N) and the orbital diagram. Period and group determination, nitrogen valency and valence electrons, different reactions and compound creation, and nitrogen bond formation have all been explored.

A nitrogen atom contains seven electrons in total. These electrons are placed in distinct orbits according to certain principles. The electron configuration is the arrangement of electrons in different energy levels of the atom and orbitals in a specific order. All elements of the periodic table can have their electrons configured in one of two ways.

  1. The orbital arrangement of electrons.
  2. The orbital method is used to configure electrons.

The electron configuration of nitrogen is determined by its orbit.

Niels Bohr, a scientist, was the first to propose a model for the atom’s orbit. In 1913, he presented a model of the atom. There is a comprehensive description of the orbit there. The electrons in atom travel in a circular path around the nucleus. The term “orbit” refers to these circular paths (shell). The number n is used to represent these orbits. [n = 1,2,3,4,…, the orbit’s serial number]

The first orbit is designated by the letter K, the second by the letter L, the third by the letter M, and the fourth by the letter N. Each orbit has a 2n2 electron holding capacity.

As an example,

  • n = 1 for K orbit.
    The electron holding capacity of K orbit is 2n2 = 2 × 12 = 2 electrons.
  • For L orbit, n = 2.
    The electron holding capacity of the L orbit is 2n2 = 2 × 22 = 8 electrons.
  • n=3 for M orbit.
    The maximum electron holding capacity in M orbit is 2n2 = 2 × 3= 18 electrons.
  • n=4 for N orbit.
    The maximum electron holding capacity in N orbit is 2n2 = 2 × 42 = 32 electrons.

The number of electrons in an element is given by its atomic number. Nitrogen has an atomic number of 7. That is, there are seven electrons in nitrogen. As a result, the initial orbit’s maximal electron holding capacity is two. In the second orbit, the maximum electron storing capacity is eight.

As a result, nitrogen’s two electrons will be in the first orbit (shell). The remaining five electrons will occupy the second orbit. The electron configuration of nitrogen atoms across orbits is arranged in a two-to-five sequence. As a result, nitrogen possesses 2 electrons per shell.

The orbital diagram shows the electron arrangement of the nitrogen atom.

Sub-energy levels are subdivided from atomic energy levels. Orbital sub-energy levels are what they’re termed. The sub energy levels are denoted by the letter ‘l.’ The range of values for ‘l’ is 0 to (n – 1). S, p, d, and f are the sub-energy levels.

The value of ‘l’ for various energy levels is determined by-

  • If n = 1,
    (n – 1) = (1–1) = 0
    Therefore, the orbital number of ‘l’ is 1; And the orbital is 1s.
  • If n = 2,
    (n – 1) = (2–1) = 1.
    Therefore, the orbital number of ‘l’ is 2; And the orbital is 2s, 2p.
  • If n = 3,
    (n – 1) = (3–1) = 2.
    Therefore, the orbital number of ‘l’ is 3; And the orbital is 3s, 3p, 3d.
  • If n = 4,
    (n – 1) = (4–1) = 3
    Therefore, the orbital number of ‘l’ is 4; And the orbital is 4s, 4p, 4d, 4f.
  • If n = 5,
    (n – 1) = (n – 5) = 4.

As a result, l = 0,1,2,3,4. The number of orbitals will be 5, however, the electrons of all the elements in the periodic table can be arranged in 4s, 4p, 4d, and 4f in these four orbitals. These orbitals have electron retention capacities of s = 2, p = 6, d = 10, and f = 14.

Read more: H20 molar mass: How to calculate the molar mass of water (H2O)?

The nitrogen atom’s properties


Nitrogen(N) has an atomic number of 7. The number of electrons in an element is known as its atomic number. As a result, the nitrogen has a total of seven electrons. The nitrogen electron configuration and orbital diagram are the main topics of this essay.

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