3H2 + N2 → 2NH3
A chemical equation is a representation of a chemical reaction in the form of components that are used to depict the process. A balanced chemical equation is defined as an equation in which the number of atoms in all of the molecules is the same on both sides of the equation on both sides of the equation.
- The balancing of a chemical equation is governed by the Law of Conservation of Mass (LoC).
- A chemical reaction can neither generate nor remove the mass, according to this law and if this law is followed, the total mass of all of the elements or molecules present on the reactant side should equal the total mass of all of the elements or molecules present on the product side.
As described in the chemical equation for hydrogen gas, when it mixes with nitrogen, it forms ammonia.
After interacting with nitrogen gas, hydrogen gas undergoes a chemical reaction that results in the formation of ammonia. In this situation, the reactions of hydrogen and nitrogen result in the formation of ammonia.
H2 + N2 → NH3
Balancing the above equation, we get
3H2 + N2 → 2NH3
Uses of Ammonia
- It is utilized as a fertilizer because it increases crop production.
- It is used in the home as a cleaner, with NH3 and water being mixed to clean stainless steel and glass.
- It is utilized as an antibacterial agent in the production of food products.
- It has been utilized in the fermentation industry for a long time.
- It is employed as a refrigerant.
- It is employed as a pH adjuster during the fermentation procedure.
- It is employed in the neutralization of pollutants such as nitrogen oxides generated by diesel engines.
- Specifically, it is employed in the textile sector.