Front-end developer: what it is, functions, and outputs

7 Min Read
Front end developer
Front end developer

The front-end developer is in charge of building the visible part and the user experience of a website, an application, or a digital system. Therefore, he works on the interface but does not limit himself to conceiving the graphical part of a digital object. He also studies the best way to make, for example, everything understandable and intuitive for the user in his experience on websites, from access to the payment gateway if the site provides, for example, “write my essays” services for which you can make payment without a bank via the site.

This does not mean that he is the only figure working behind a site. On the contrary, many other professionals, such as back-end technicians, are involved. However, everything that the user can appreciate, such as functionality, ease of navigation, notifications, and much more, is the result of the front-end developer’s work.

It is, therefore, a professional figure that has and will have an increasingly important role for all companies embarking on the path of digital transformation. A professional front-end developer can be either a freelancer or an employee. More and more IT development or consulting companies are offering permanent positions to optimize work.

What he or she does: the tasks of a front-end developer

A front-end developer writes code to process the visible part of a site or application. He or she has both hard skills, such as programming techniques and soft skills, such as creativity and intuition. Often, it is the front-end developer who finds the best solution in case, for example, there are doubts about where to place the ‘buy’ button on the page. Or how to structure the customer or user’s customer journey. Therefore, it must be aware of the habits and needs of the target audience.

One of the essential skills to get a job interview in this sector is demonstrating knowledge of several programming languages. For a front-end developer, generally, the basic languages are HTML and CSS, but very often, getting a job also requires knowledge of systems conceived with JavaScript, MVC frameworks, such as Angular, React, Vue, or in Python environments, GIT, ES6, Typescript 3+, CRA/Next.js.

If the goal is to develop a mobile app, it is best to also know Swift, Apple’s programming language. It is also worth mastering platforms and tools that allow programming for Android, such as Flutter and React Native.

Other important skills for a front-end developer are:

  • Mobile and responsive design
  • Cross-browser development
  • Versioning systems (e.g., Git)
  • Test and debugging – i.e., knowing how to analyze a code to verify its correct functioning, identify errors (bugs) and fix them.

Job prospects

Almost all companies, from multinationals to startups, need front-end developers: therefore, specializing in programming is an investment with a guaranteed return. However, besides the high employability, there are other reasons it is worth becoming a front-end developer. In fact, it is a profession that can satisfy some important personal development needs. Among these:

  1. Innovation and creativity. This profession guarantees some visibility because the finished product bears the clear signature of a good front-end developer. This means presenting a portfolio to companies during the selection phase and job interview.
  2. This is a highly skilled position, but getting a bachelor’s degree is not imperative. A high school diploma is sometimes sufficient, but with a long and demonstrable programming experience.
  3. Continuing education. Working as a front-end developer allows for constant growth on a professional level. In fact, IT development companies and consultancies encourage their employees to learn new programming languages, thus ensuring more job opportunities in the future.

How a front-end developer can evolve

This job offers an excellent base for growth, accompanied by a progressive salary increase. A front-end developer’s career can grow linearly through junior, mid, and senior positions. Generally, the professional development team management tasks once a high-level position is reached. He or she can then become responsible for increasingly larger and more complex projects, which present greater challenges and higher salaries.

To make a good impression and get a job interview, the candidate must be able to demonstrate his or her capabilities. As a result, in addition to a CV, it is a good idea to establish your own portfolio of apps and sites, possibly an open GitHub profile, a list of problems solved, and any other material that will help you stand out.

How to become a front-end developer

A career in computer engineering is undoubtedly the best choice for this type of path. However, companies are often looking for young graduates in all engineering, mathematics, physics, and statistics fields. All of these disciplines provide the foundation to quickly enter the world of programming. Clearly, this path requires a lot of time and effort.

However, as mentioned, it is not essential to obtain a specialist degree, and those who want to follow this career path can also learn to program on their own. The web is full of free or very cheap courses, texts, and videos for programmers and developers. In this case, knowledge of English is essential, and the self-taught path does not allow me to get any certification that reflects the skills learned.

Finally, the familiar programming languages and the ability to keep up with the latest evolutions are the true hallmarks of a successful front-end programmer.

Posted by George
George is a passionate writer and technical lead in a reputed company, he is contributing since 1997 to the web, and he has worked in the top 500 fortune companies and made his remark.
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