Everywhere you see, you see a green cover, with different types of plants and trees. Plants and plant products are something very familiar that you use in your everyday life. But, have you ever wondered about the different types of plants and trees? Did you know that the Plant Kingdom is divided into several subgroups, with each one having special features? Delve into the depths of Kingdom Plantae and unearth some of the fascinating facts.
Characteristic features of Plant Kingdom
These living organisms are made of eukaryotic cells and are multicellular. The cells have a cell wall which is made of cellulose. These are autotrophic and synthesize food by photosynthesis due to the presence of chloroplasts.
Classification of Plant Kingdom
Based on whether plants have a well-differentiated body and the presence or absence of specialized tissues for transport, and the ability to bear seeds Kingdom Plantae (Plant Kingdom) is can be classified into different divisions. The features and examples of each division are mentioned hereunder.
These are the lowermost plants of the plant kingdom, without a well-differentiated body design. This means that the plant body is not differentiated as roots, stem, and leaves. They are commonly called algae, are permanently aquatic. Examples include Spirogyra, Chara, and Ulothrix.Browse more Topics under Diversity In Living Organisms
Classification and its Types
Five Kingdom Classification
These are small terrestrial plants. They show differentiation in the body design, with stem, leaf-like structures, and root-like structures. But, they do not have any specialized tissue to conduct water and other substances. They live in damp and sandy habitats and are often referred to as the amphibians of the plant kingdom. Examples are Riccia, Funaria, and Marchantia
These are supposed to be the oldest vascular plants. The plant body is differentiated into roots, stem, and leaves, apart from having a specialized tissue for conduction. This tissue helps in the conduction of water and other substances from part of the plant to the other.
These plants have naked embryos called spores. The reproductive organs in these plants are inconspicuous. Examples: Marselia, Ferns